Peace be upon himAnd her, as Tess dies clutchingHer little red book. Conquest of Mecca: The prophet Muhammad and his followers conquer the city, Quraysh surrenders, on this day in 630. Arthur Scargill, English miner, activist, and politician, was born today in 1938. Thomas Hardy, English novelist and poet (b. 1840), died on this day in 1928.